WEINHIER – Homophobie von Roy Metzdorf

The English language part of this blog (which returns to the front page on Wednesday) has never shied away from difficult subjects that relate to wine and/or journalism in less direct ways (see “Dear NSA, Dear GCHQ”. The new German language section WEINHIER will do the same. Here is a first example from Roy Metzdorf,  the guiding spirit behind the amazing WEINSTEIN wine bar in Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg where you can meet me on Saturday evening. The photo of Roy comes from my book BEST WHITE WINE ON EARTH – The Riesling Story. I would say that an English language version of Roy’s article should be entitled HOMOPHOBIA – The Wine Story, because there’s so much obvious and subliminal homophobia in the conservative German wine scene. Where are the openly gay or lesbian wine growers? I only know a couple in Germany, and I can well understand the nervousness of those that haven’t come out yet. 

Matthias Matussek hat nichts gegen Schwule – ihm geht nur das Theater auf die Nerven von Roy Metzdorf

Der Autor, Publizist und ehemalige Kulturchef des „Spiegel“, Matthias Matussek, zeiht sich in der „Welt“ vom 12. Februar 2014 und in weiteren Beiträgen im Netz der Homophobie und findet das auch gut so. Angesichts des Schöpfungsauftrages, den uns Gott gegeben habe – „Gehet hin und mehret euch“ – sei Homosexualität eine defizitäre Form der Liebe. Schließlich sei es eine ganz simple Einsicht, dass sich Lebewesen fortpflanzen müssten, um die Art zu erhalten. Im Gegensatz zu Heterosexuellen könnten sich Homosexuelle jedoch prinzipiell nicht für Nachwuchs entscheiden. In Übereinstimmung mit dem Philosophen Robert Spaemann hält er sie daher für unvollständig ausgestattete Wesen, denn sie verfügten nicht über die Dinge, die zu einem normalen Überleben gehörten. In diesem Sinne sei Gleichgeschlechtlichkeit ein offenkundiger Fehler der Natur, und er habe keine Lust, sich für diese Ansichten von Gleichstellungsfunktionären platt machen zu lassen, egal wie oft sie ihm vorhalten mögen, dass es auch in der Natur bei irgendwelchen Pantoffeltierchen Homosexualität gebe. Eigenartiger Weise verzichtet er zur Untermauerung seiner Thesen auf die Frage, was denn wohl geschehen würde, wenn man alle weltweit schätzungsweise 170 Millionen schwulen Männer auf eine Insel verbannen würde.

Die Einsicht, dass sich Lebewesen fortpflanzen und überdies Fressfeinden, Krankheiten und Naturkatastrophen widerstehen müssen, um zu überleben, ist für Matussek offenbar nicht mehr ganz so simpel. Arten bewerkstelligen das, indem sie weit mehr Individuen hervorbringen, als sie zur Reproduktion benötigen. Deshalb muss sich nicht jedes einzelne Lebewesen vermehren, um die Art zu erhalten. Das Merkmal Homosexualität ist somit auch ohne evolutionären Nutzen überlebensfähig. Schließlich lässt die Evolution gleichfalls solche Merkmale existieren, die für die Anpassung an den jeweiligen Lebensraum bedeutungslos sind.

Zudem gelingt die Erhaltung der menschlichen Gattung nur, wenn sich zur Fortpflanzung auch Brutpflege gesellt. Matussek wird aufgefallen sein, dass schwule Mathelehrer sich um das Zahlenverständnis der Kinder kümmern, dass schwule Bäcker das Pausenbrot backen und schwule Kinderärzte bei Krankheiten helfen. Darüber hinaus tragen sie zum Funktionieren des Gemeinwesens bei, indem sie für den Verdienst aus diesen Beschäftigungen Steuern abführen. Ihm leuchtet gewiss ein, dass Kinderlose auf diese Weise ihren Beitrag zur Arterhaltung leisten.

Und dass der Sexualtrieb über die Absicherung der Fortpflanzung hinausgehende Funktionen aufweist, sollte er im Selbstversuch herausgefunden haben. Mit der Lust am Sex verhält es sich, wie mit der Lust am Essen. Wir sind in der Lage, die geschmackliche Komplexität eines guten Essens wahrzunehmen und uns so in einen sinnlichen Rausch zu versetzen, obwohl das Hungergefühl ausreichen würde, uns zur Nahrungsaufnahme zu bewegen. Ihm ist durchaus nicht entgangen, dass Lustbefriedigung ein wichtiger Baustein zur Erhaltung des psychischen Gleichgewichts ist. Oder will er behaupten, in seinem Leben immer nur dann Sex gehabt zu haben, wenn es ihm um Fortpflanzung ging?

Sollte er das Sexualverhalten von Homosexuellen dennoch für defizitär halten, muss der gläubige Katholik Matussek ebenso das Sexualverhalten zölibatär lebender Nonnen, Mönche und Priester als einen Fehler der Natur interpretieren. Auch sie „können sich prinzipiell nicht für Nachwuchs entscheiden“.

Dessen ungeachtet ist die Menschheit zu einer der erfolgreichsten Arten auf Erden geworden. In den letzten 50 Jahren hat sich die Anzahl ihrer Individuen verdoppelt.
Mit ihrem munteren, frechen Verhalten treten Schwule von heute aufmüpfig für ihre Rechte ein und haben so das Reinheitsgebot für Sex in Deutschland zu Fall gebracht. Ist das die Ursache für seine Klage: „eine Minderheit terrorisiert die Mehrheit“? Ist es glaubhaft, dass ein Intellektueller im Deutschland des 21. Jahrhunderts die Bibel wörtlich auslegt, in solch schlichten, monokausalen Zusammenhängen denkt und derart dürftig argumentiert? Kann man so jemanden ernst nehmen?

Man kann nicht nur, sondern man muss! Denn in unserer unüberschaubar vielfältigen und komplexen Welt ist niemand in der Lage, sich ein ausschließlich rationales Bild zu machen. Bleiben Erklärungslücken, stopfen wir sie mittels Emotion, Intuition und Religion. Deswegen sucht uns das Vorurteil heim. Matussek tarnt es mit der aus anderen Zusammenhängen bekannten Formel „Ich habe nichts gegen Schwule, aber…“. Wenn jedoch jemand den Anschein erweckt, von der Mehrheit abweichende Individuen wären defizitär und damit fehlerhaft, ist Gefahr im Verzug. Zur Behauptung, diese Individuen seien minderwertig, ist es dann nicht mehr weit.

Die Klassifizierung von Menschen in voll- und minderwertig wird schnell zum Ausgangspunkt für Ausgrenzung und Verfolgung: Vordenker, die irrational argumentieren, große Wählergruppen, bei denen Emotionen geschürt werden, Politiker, die daraus Programme machen, Parlamentarier, die entsprechende Gesetze verabschieden und am Ende der Kette Vollstrecker, die sich hinterher auf Befehlsnotstand berufen.

Wir sollten die Aufklärung unbedingt fortführen, damit diese Prozesse nicht zum Perpetuum mobile werden.

Und was die Antwort auf die Frage nach der Schwuleninsel anbelangt: nach 100 Jahren wäre sie immer noch bewohnt, da heterosexuelle Paare ständig für neuen schwulen Nachwuchs sorgen.

 

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WEINHIER – Unter der Säurepeitsche: Trockene Gutsrieslinge des Jahrgangs 2013 von Frank Ebbinghaus

Welcome Frank Ebbinghaus, the new German Editor of this Blog!

Dear English language readers, the launch of the German language department of my blob, WEINHIER continues in this form until Tuesday, September 9th after which this page will revert to its normal English state. Below is the first article by the new German Editor of www.stuartpigott.de Frank Ebbinghaus. Although his direction of the Estate Rieslings of Germany’s leading producers is in DEUTSCH, that is German, the hit lists – “mag ich” means I like it in German, “mag icy nicht” means I don’t like it – at the bottom – are easy enough for anyone to understand. These wines are supposed to be the visiting cards of these producers, but some of the 2013s are rather thin and sour.  

Schwierig war der Jahrgang 2013, sagen viele Winzer. Fragt sich nur, für wen? Natürlich für die Winzer selbst. Sie mussten den Wein der Natur geradezu abringen, Qualität konnte nur um den Preis großer Mengeneinbußen erzeugt werden. Und dann die hohen Säurewerte … Da war voller Einsatz auch im Keller gefordert.

Schwierig wird dieser Jahrgang auch für viele Konsumenten. Sie müssen Säure mögen, auch dort, wo man sie gar nicht so erwartet, in eher säurearmen Weinen wie dem Silvaner. Und im Riesling sowieso und mehr denn je. Allerdings macht es einem der Jahrgang auch wieder ganz leicht. Gelungen ist all das, was die Säure bändigt, wo die Balance stimmt und die Aromen reifer Trauben klar im Vordergrund stehen. Es mag Jünger der Säure-Peitsche geben, für die der Spaß erst bei knochentrocken und gefühlten zwölf Promille Säure anfängt – sie kommen wahrlich nicht zu kurz bei diesem Jahrgang. Und dann gibt es die Gralshüter der Authentizität, die alle technischen Eingriffe verachten, welche das jahrgangstypische Terroir verfälschen könnten. Man erkennt sie daran, dass sie vor dem ersten Probeschluck besorgt fragen, ob der Wein entsäuert wurde. Aber selbst für sie hält der Jahrgang manche Herausforderung bereit.

Optimisten hoffen darauf, dass manche Große Gewächse (GG) die dominante Säure durch eine lange Lagerzeit besser integrieren und die Weine harmonischer werden (ob von der Säure dominierte GGs je wahrhaft große Weine werden können, wage ich stark zu bezweifeln).

Realisten greifen zum trockenen Gutsriesling, Einstiegswein und Aushängeschild vieler Weingüter. Diesen Weinen, die ihren Gattungsnamen durch das häufig auf dem Etikett abgebildete Weingutsgebäude erhalten haben, während eine Lagen-Angabe fehlt, haben in den letzten Jahren vom Winzer-Ehrgeiz stark profitiert. Man bekommt immer häufiger sehr gute Qualität zum günstigen Preis. Hier sind Weine entstanden, die Charakter und Komplexität mit großer Zugänglichkeit verbinden. Ein wirklich guter trockener Gutsriesling zeigt, was er hat, er muss wenigstens zwei Jahre nach der Abfüllung gut schmecken und zum Trinken animieren. Auch diese Weine können langlebig sein, in dem ausgezeichneten Jahrgang 2012 erzeugten Spitzenbetriebe trockene Gutsrieslinge, die auch in zehn Jahren noch gut schmecken werden und manchem GG das Wasser reichen können.

Und 2013? Das Niveau ist nicht ganz so hoch, aber viele Winzer haben sehr leckere Weine erzeugt, die mit reifer Frucht und frischer Säure besonders in der warmen Jahreszeit gut schmecken.

Aber es gibt sie auch hier, die Säurepeitsche. Weine, die zum Zeitpunkt des Probierens völlig unharmonisch schmeckten. Das heftigste Beispiel war für mich der trockene Gutsriesling des Weinguts Dreissigacker (Bechtheim, Rheinhessen). Der Wein roch nach Hefe und Sauerkraut und schmeckte nur nach Säure. Das ist sehr irritierend, denn gerade von diesem Weingut mag ich den trockenen Gutsriesling in anderen Jahren immer besonders gerne. Er ist schlanker und animierender als manche, der oft recht üppigen trockenen Spitzenweine von Dreissigacker. Ich probierte diesen Wein wie viele andere trockene 2013er Gutsrieslinge am 13. Juni im Rahmen des von Martin Zwick in Berlin ausgerichteten „BerlinGutsrieslingCup“. Es fehlte bei dieser Probe wahrlich nicht an weiteren, entsetzlichen Weine bekannter Erzeuger.

Umso eindrucksvoller sind die vielen positiven Gegenbeispiele. Der 2013 Riesling trocken des jungen Johannes Sinß (Weingut Sinß, Windesheim/Nahe) verbindet eine kräuterige Rasse mit gerade soviel fruchtigem Schmelz, dass der Wein kühl, komplex und süffig schmeckt. Ebenfalls sehr eindrucksvoll ist der 2013 Zilliken Riesling trocken des Weinguts Forstmeister Geltz-Zilliken (Saarburg, Saar), der reif, rassig und stofflig wirkt, mit seinem Blütenduft, dem Pfirsich- und Ananas-Aroma viel Charme, zugleich aber auch einen rassig-mineralischen Zug entwickelt – ein Musterbeispiel für die Sinnlichkeit und Komplexität, die bei einem Wein dieser Qualitätsstufe auch in einem schwierigen Jahrgang möglich ist. Verrücktes Zeug kommt vom Weingut Bietighöfer, Billigheim-Mühlhofen/Pfalz. Der Wein  roch im Juni noch nach der Spontanvergärung. Ich mag das normalerweise nicht. Aber hier ist das anders, zumal  der Wein neben viel Frische ein wildes Aromenpotpourri aus Rauch, gelbem Steinobst und Grapefruit bot.

Keiner der wirklich überzeugenden Weine wirkte irgendwie „gepimpt“ oder manipuliert, sie alle leben von einer lebendigen Säurefrische, aber mehr noch von ihrer reifen Frucht. Sie  zeigen das wahre Gesicht dieses schwierigen Jahrgangs.

Jene, die ich nicht mag, sind keinesfalls schlechte oder fehlerhafte Weine. Sie bereiteten  jedoch zum Zeitpunkt der Verkostung keinerlei Genuss.

Mag ich:                                                                                            Mag ich nicht:

Sinß                                                                                                    Dreissigacker

Forstmeister Geltz-Zilliken                                                      Christmann

Emrich Schönleber                                                                      Siener

Bietighöfer                                                                                       Engel

von Winning                                                                                   Wittmann

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WEINHIER – 2013 Riesling GGs Ganz Oben und Ganz Unten

Can Riesling taste too minerally? / Gibt es Rieslinge die zu mineralisch schmecken?

I ask English language readers to excuse the fact that this article also appears here in DEUTSCH, that is German. This is because oft he launch of the German-language department of my blog WEINHIER (click the button above). Below are lists of the best tasting and worst tasting 2013 vintage dry Riesling „Große Gewächse (GG) from the members of the elite „Verband deutsche Prädikatsweingüter“ (VDP). If you scroll down further you will find the previous posting (the first under WEINHIER) which describes how some VDP members seem so obsessed with authenticity that they are sacrificing the harmony of their wines on this altar. In 2013 this was a grave mistake, because of the high acidity of the vintage. Of course, it is no problem for English speakers to read the lists below. “Ganz oben” means right at the top of the heap in German and “ganz unten” means right at the bottom of the pile.

Mein erstes Posting auf WEINHIER hatte die extrem unharmonische Art mancher 2013er GGs des VDP als Thema. Statt auf eine möglichst stimmige Harmonie der extrem säurebetonten Weinen dieses Jahrgangs abzuzielen, scheinen manche Winzer gnadenlos einer bestimmten Vorstellung von „Authentizität“ gefolgt zu sein. Ein Teil der Weinszene versteht jetzt „wilde” Aromatik (Stichwort: Sponti, bzw. Böckser, bzw. ein Stoff namens Merkaptan) und Härte (Säure und Gerbstoffe) im Wein als Zeichen von Authentizität. So lange diese Elemente im Wein gut integriert, bzw. die positiven Eigenschaften des Weins ausgeprägt genug sind, kann das sehr spannend sein. Falls der Wein eindeutig zu wenig ansprechende Inhaltstoffe besitzt, führt dieses Streben nach vermeintlich unverfälschtem Terroir-Geschmack zu bizarren Gewächsen, die extrem anstrengend sind und keine Freude bereiten. Ich bin gegen Weine die nur existieren, um von Weinfreaks verkostet zu werden. Sie sind peverse!

Vermutlich haben sich manche von Ihnen gefragt, welche 2013 Riesling GGs Stuart Pigott gut findet (weil sie jetzt schon sehr gut schmecken) und welche schlecht (weil sie jetzt so schlecht schmecken). Diese sind persönliche Empfindungen und Meinungen, aber als Journalist fühle ich mich verpflichtet, diese Information bekannt zu geben. Zuerst die guten Nachrichten:

2013 Riesling GG: Ganz oben

Berg Schlossberg – August Kesseler, Assmannshausen/Rheingau

Dellchen – Dönnhoff, Oberhausen/Nahe

Halenberg – Emrich-Schönleber, Monzingen/Nahe

Hohenrain – Weingut zum jungen Oetinger, Erbach/Rheingau

Kastanienbusch „Köppel“ – Dr. Wehrheim, Birkweiler/Pfalz

Kirchenstück – Acham-Magin, Forst/Pfalz

Marienburg „Rothenpfad“Clemens Busch, Pünderich/Mosel

OhligsbergReinhold Haart, Piesport/Mosel

RöttgenHeymann-Löwenstein, Winningen/Mosel

Weiss ErdFranz Künstler, Hochheim/Rheingau

Bitte denken Sie nicht, ich würde andere 2013 Riesling GGs verachten. Manche tollen Weine wie das Schloss Johannisberg GG sind noch zu verschlossen, um jetzt auf dieser Liste zu stehen. Hier geht es nur darum, welche Gewächse mir heute am besten schmecken. Mehrere der aufgeführten Weingüter hätten mit zwei oder drei Weinen auf der Liste stehen können.

Hier nun die fünf bittersten Enttäuschungen:

2013 Riesling GG: Ganz unten

FelseneckPrinz Salm, Wallhausen/Nahe

Morstein Gutzler, Gundheim/Rheinhessen

PechsteinReichsrat von Buhl, Deidesheim/Pfalz

Pechsteinvon Winning, Deidesheim/Pfalz

PettenthalSt. Antony, Nierstein/Rheinhessen

Glauben Sie bitte nicht, dass jedes Riesling GG der oben genannten fünf Weingüter „schlecht“ ist. Zum Beispiel finde ich das Orbel GG von St. Antony wesentlich gelungener als das Pettenthal GG. Es gibt auch andere Weingüter, wie Gut Hermannsberg in Niederhausen/Nahe oder Schäfer-Fröhlich in Bockenau/Nahe, wo ich nicht weiß, was ich von deren neuen Riesling GGs halten soll, weil momentan ihre „wilden“ Aromen vieles überdecken. Diese Aromen könnten sich mit der Zeit durchaus abmildern. Aus dem hässlichen Entlein ist bekanntlich ein prächtiger Schwan geworden, aber solche Verwandlungen brauchen eben ihre Zeit.

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WEINHIER und Jetzt! – Der steinige Weg der GGs

Today the new German language department of my blog WEINHIER launches. For this reason this story also appears here at the top of the home page, not only when you click on the button WEINHIER. An English language summary of this and the reactions to it will follow here in a few days time.

Man kann sich heute schwer vorstellen, wie gewagt es war, als der Verband Deutscher Prädikatsweingüter (VDP) die Bezeichnung „Großes Gewächs“ (GG) für hochwertige trockene Weine aus klassifizierten Spitzenlagen eingeführt hatte. Das ist nicht viel mehr als 10 Jahre her, aber inzwischen ist diese Kategorie von Weinen so fest im Markt etabliert, dass ein „GG“ auf dem Etikett ein großes Versprechen ist. Es ist sogar noch weit mehr als das, weil „GG“ heute  nicht nur für höchste Qualität steht, sondern auch für die Essenz des „Terroir“; den Geschmack einer großen Lage, den vollendeten Ausdruck ihres Bodens und ihres Mikroklimas, das unverwechselbare Abbild des Vegetationszyklus  eines Jahres in einer Spitzenlage.

Dank der GGs wurde nicht nur dieser französische Begriff ins Deutsche übernommen, sondern ist auch zu einem deutschen Wert geworden, ja, zu dem  deutschen Wein-Wert der Gegenwart schlechthin. Auch wenn das fast nach Religion klingt, ist es genau das, was die GGs real verkörpern. Die Weinszene ist begeistert, die Weinfreaks jubeln auf Facebook, Twitter und Instagram. Zweifellos hat für den deutschen Wein ein neues Zeitalter angefangen. Aber wohin führt das Ganze? Ist der deutsche Wein vielleicht auf einem zu steinigen Weg?

Rückblende auf Dienstag, den 26. 8, früher Nachmittag: Ich bin in Wiesbaden, wo die „Premiere“-Verkostung der weißen GGs des Jahrgangs 2013 und der roten GGs des Jahrgangs 2012 stattfindet. Teilnehmen dürfen nur Journalisten, Sommeliers, wichtige Blogger und Händler. Es herrscht andächtige Stille, unterbrochen nur vom Klicken der Computer-Tastaturen und dem Klingen edler Weingläser. Vor mir steht Flight 34: Fünf Riesling GGs aus der Lage Pechstein (Forst, Pfalz) sowie eins aus der Lage Freundstück. Alle fünf Pechstein-Weine weisen eine gewisse rauchige – mineralische? – Note und einen schlanken Körper auf – Terroir! Aber ihnen ist auch eine heftige Säure eigen. Geschmacklich am besten integriert ist sie im GG des Weinguts Acham-Magin, am wenigsten erträglich im GG des Weinguts Reichsrat von Buhl. Dieser Wein schmeckt  schlichtweg sauer. Oder nein, es ist noch schlimmer. Die Mineralien und Tannine haben sich mit der Säure zu einem schroffen, kantigen Kern vereint. Ich schüttele mich! Das war keinesfalls das einzige Beispiel für dieses Phänomen. Die „Premiere“ hatte zwar zahlreiche Höhepunkte, aber immer wieder bin ich in dieser sauer-harten Ecke gelandet.

Auch wenn manche Winzer und Kollegen jetzt laut aufschreien mögen, so ist doch nicht von der Hand zu weisen, dass in „Terroir“ der alte deutsche Begriff „Herkunft“ in zeitgemäßem philosophischem Gewand wieder auferstanden ist. In beiden Fällen geht es vor allem um etwas, das vor hundert Jahren „Reinheit“ genannt wurde und heute „Authentizität“ heißt. Damals hat man den „Wohlgeschmack“ gesucht wie heute die „Konzentration“. Aber vor hundert Jahren stand nichts über der Reinheit des Weins, so wie heute nichts über dessen Authentizität steht und jemals stehen könnte. Das trifft in hohem Maß auf die GGs zu. Egal wie gut oder schlecht sie schmecken, muss ihre Authentizität garantiert sein, sonst ist alles scheiße; jedes andere Wort wäre hier fehl am Platz. Die Rolle von uns Journalisten, von Sommeliers, Bloggern und Händlern in Wiesbaden war, genau das zu prüfen und den Stempel auf die GGs. zu drücken, dass sie diese harte Prüfung bestanden haben. Das ist so deutsch wie Wagners „Ring“, eben erbarmungslos und humorlos deutsch und kann deshalb so zwanghaft und lächerlich wirken wie Fotos der ersten „Ring“-Aufführungen.

Ich will es ganz klar sagen:

Wein muss Spaß machen und Freude bereiten. Wein kann die Tür öffnen zu den besten Sachen des Lebens wie lebhafte Gespräche und Inspiration, wie zu zusammen lachen, lieben, weinen und noch sehr viel mehr.

Die deutsche Literatur, Kunst und Film haben das häufig als Haupt- oder Nebenthema und sind damit nicht alleine auf der Welt. Leider hat ein Teil der deutschen Weinszene diese grundlegenden Motive über Bord geworfen und einem noch größeren Teil rutschten sie wie schlecht gesicherte Ladung über die Reling. Für all diese Weinerzeuger reicht ein guter Geschmack, der viele kritische Konsumenten erfreut, nicht mehr aus. Sie wollen heilige Authentizität um jeden Preis. Notfalls – siehe Jahrgang 2013 – muss auch schlechter Geschmack dafür im Kauf genommen werden. Für manche GGs des Jahrgangs 2013 muss man richtig leiden, weil der Neue Deutsche Wein eben echter hardcore ist und sein soll. Herzlich willkommen auf dem steinigen Weg der GGs!

 

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Berlin Riesling Diary: Day 3 – WATCH YOUR BACK – The Riesling Movie (Part 1) in Berlin!

Yes, last night my movie WATCH YOUR BACK – The Riesling Movie (Part 1) had its first showing in Berlin, the city where it was edited, cut and produced by Klaus Lüttmer. This picture shows me during shooting at cameraman Marcarthur Baralla’s apartment in Brooklyn/New York. The movie was well received by the packed house at Cooks Connection, although they all took it very seriously compared with the crowd in Traverse City/Michigan at the world premier. Some also struggled to understand the American accents. For their benefit I switch to German. Jetzt geht es weiter auf DEUTSCH…

Meinen Film WATCH YOUR BACK – The Riesling Story (Part 1), der von Klaus Lüttmer in Berlin produziert und geschnitten wurde, hat es endlich in die Bundessaufstadt geschafft. Gestern Abend fand bei Cooks Connection in Charlottenburg die europäische Premiere statt. Aufgrund des Platzmangels konnten nur eingeladene Gäste teilnehmen. Das deutsche Publikum hat den Film überraschend ernst genommen. In Amerika wird er als Komödie verstanden. Das ist aber nicht die letzte Chance ihn zu sehen und zu verstehen.

Am Freitag, den 5. September, 20 Uhr, wird jeder, der bereit ist, für einen sehr vielseitigen Weinabend 30 Euro zu bezahlen, den Film sehen können: Ort: Goldhahn & Sampson, Dunckerstraße 9, Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg. Dummerweise ist diese Veranstaltung, auch auf Grund der Beteiligung von von aufstrebenden Weingütern wie  von Racknitz (Odernheim/Nahe), Katharina Wechsler (Westhofen/Rheinhessen) und Weiser-Künstler (Traben-Trarbach/Mosel), schon ausverkauft. Falls Sie dennoch kommen möchten, empfehle ich Ihnen, sich möglichst schnell auf die Warteliste bei www.goldhahnundsampson.de eintragen zu lassen. Es tut mir leid, dass mir diese Situation so spät bewusst wurde. Vielleicht sehen wir uns dennoch?

Ab sofort kommt unter der Rubrik WEINHIER das erste richtige deutschsprachige Posting auf diesem Blog seit sehr langer Zeit. Es geht um die 2013er “Großen Gewächse” der VDP-Weingüter, die am Montag offiziell in den Verkauf kommen.

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London Riesling Diary: Day 2 – A German Spätburgunder by Any Other Name is a Pinot Noir (or even a Pinot Nero)

Hopefully, a blog responds to events and has an ethos, but is not a rigid editorial program that requires slots to be filled come what may. I think it should be like bamboo bending with the wind, rather than an unyielding grid. This is my explanation for the fact that this, the 600th posting since my blog went onlinel on September 1st 2007 (most of you only know it in its present format which it acquired on April 17th 2012), is about Spätburgunder, not Riesling. That’s the German name for Pinot Noir, also known by the alias of Pinot Nero, which still appears on the labels of most wines of this variety produced in Germany. Pictured above are the two reasons for this subject demanding my attention today: on the left Nigel Greening the owner and guiding spirit of Felton Road winery in Central Otago, one of New Zealand’s top producers of Pinot Noir and Riesling (see BEST WHITE WINE ON EARTH pages 101 & 196), and on the right Anne Krebiehl, a German wine journalist who has been in London for the last 14 years. They’re standing in a corner of Anne’s kitchen and the sparkling wine in their glasses is the delicious – floral, delicately creamy and elegant – English 2009 Neytimber.

Earlier this year Nigel got very excited when I suggested I could organize a tasting of the top Spätburgunder from the little-known Breisgau sub-region of Baden from the excellent 2007 vintage later this year in London. When I told Anne about this she suggested that we could do the tasting at her dinner table. That conversation took place in Vienna during the VieVinum trade fair, to be precise at the big party on the Saturday night of the VieVinum. Just before 11pm I crawled away from that party as Paul Grieco and Matt Stinton of Hearth Restaurant and the Terroir wine bars in New York burst into the entrance in high spirits. They couldn’t begin to understand how exhausted I felt after four fascinating, but very  intense days of wine tasting. Out on the sidewalk I drew a deep breath, then gingerly pulled out my cellphone to see if I’d missed any messages and discovered that Bernhard Huber of the eponymous winery in Malterdingen, Breisgau had just died of cancer. Suddenly the “tasting” gained a new importance, becoming also a homage to one of Germany’s leading winemakers of the last quarter century.

In spite of that several people who were anxious to attend couldn’t do so because that’s what happens in London in August (more on this subject at a later date, because it’s of great personal importance to me). So, in the end there was only Anne, Nigel, Sebastian Thomas of Howard Ripley Wines and I. Sebastian brought a handful of other German Spätburgunders including the top 2012s from Weingut Keller in Flörhseim-Dalsheim, Rheinhessen with him which made the evening an unsystematic, but rather serious review of how far German Spätburgunder red wine has come in recent years.

The first thing which has to be said is that in spite of the fact that all of the winemakers who’s Spätburgunder we tasted are inspired by Burgundy, none of their wines tasted like Burgundy, rather they were self-confidently themselves in spite of all the differences between them in aroma, flavor, style, etc. Even the 2007s from the recently founded micro-wineries of Holub and Zallwander were very distinctive wines, the former rather mature and soft with an intense savory character, the latter much more oaky and tannic, still a bit gritty. Nigel told us that there was an Inuit (i.e. Eskimo) word that means, “I quite like you, but I wouldn’t like to go seal hunting with you”, and that was how. In felt about these two wines. These were “serious” wines, but today both these producers are making much better wines than they were back in 2007. The difference between how Shelter Winery (yes, that’s the name of a German producer) made their 2007 and the way they make their current wines is much smaller, and I think the concentration and dry elegance of their 2007 Pinot Noir (yes, that’s how this German wine is labelled) very much reflects how their new wines will age. It is still a young wine with many years ahead of it, which pleased Sebastian Thomas, because Howard Ripley is the UK importer!

By this point Anne’s excellent food – a leg of lamb that momentarily made me wish I lived in England instead of Germany, and super-ripe figs from her garden – was beginning to distract us. A great effort of concentration was necessary to do justice to the wines the wines that followed. The trio of Bernhard Huber’s 2007 Spätburgunder “Großes Gewächs” (GG) were all stunning wines. The rich and silky GG from the Sommerhalde site got the most comments, but the sleeker and drier GG from the Binenberg meant more to me, perhaps because it reminded me of my first visit to the Hubers back in 1993 when they were still making the wines in the cellar and garage under their home. Already it was clear that they were in the leading pack, but not how they would pull ahead of the field after their acquisition of new vineyards like the Schlossberg. The 2007 Schlossberg GG was my favorite wine of the entire evening, because of its great fragrance, super-fine dry tannins and herbal-mineral a character. Not having a bottle of Huber’s most expensive Spätburgunder, the Wildenstein, from 2007 in my Berlin cellar, I’d brought a bottle of the 2005 which I had in New York. It was very different in balance to the other Huber wines, richer in body, but with a hint of green freshness. That prompted Anne to open a couple more 2005 German Spätburgunders, of which the Mergelberg GG from Knipser in the Pfalz was an impressive wine with an intense smoky note, a fleshy body and slightly sappy finish.

The 2012 Spätburgunders from Keller are extreme wines, particularly in their present extremely youthful state, and I expect both rave reviews (possibly some critics will even slather at the mouth) and some really damning words. Spätburgunder/Pinot Noir/Pinot Nero hardly gets any sleeker, cooler and fresher than this. I’m sure they’re going to develop very well if anyone has the patience to put the Bürgel and Frauenberg GGs in a cool dark hole in the ground (i.e. a wine cellar) for several years, then live clean enough to still be around when they come back up into the daylight. I loved the floral aromas of the Frauenberg, but I’ll have to check the price on this. Expensive it may be to make high-end Spätburgunder/Pinot Noir/Pinot Nero or red burgundy which doesn’t usually declare on the label that it’s made from this grape. However, wherever wines of this grape come from three figure prices come about because very generous profit margins are being taken, that is unless you factor the price the land would fetch today into the equation. However, as far as I can see that can be used to justify any and all wine prices, since land prices follow wine prices.

And in spite of the tube (i.e. subway/metro) strike I made it back to my mother’s house on the other side of London. On the trains and planes of recent days I’ve been reading Philip K. Dick’s ‘Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep’, upon which the movie ‘Bladerunner’ was loosely based. The dystopia (the opposite of a utopia) it describes makes me feel that London in August 2014 is actually a tacky science fiction movie that remains unfinished, because the budget ran out. The opposite applies to German Spätburgunder, a work-in-progress that is anything but tacky, and to Anne’s hospitality.

 

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New York Riesling Diary: Day 20 – Oregon Really is Becoming the Promised Land of American Riesling

What is the trouble with Harry (Peterson-Nedry)? Well, it’s certainly not the quality of the Chehalem Rieslings! 

Oregon’s 700 acres of Riesling are a small fraction of what Washington State or California have, and even lags well behind New York State. However, as I already reported in July, something is really begin to happen there with Riesling, and the large number of small, agile wineries means the process of winemaking experimentation and stylistic development is moving fast. There have long been some exciting Oregon Rieslings which proved that this grape is extremely well-suited to this state’s climate and soils, most notably Brooks and Chehalem. But for a long time those wines looked like oddities rather than trail-blazers to the majority of the state’s winemakers, who at best didn’t really take them seriously. At worst they dismissed this form of beauty as inappropriate to the state.

In contrast, Pinot Noir and/or Pinot Gris were the grapes with which an Oregon winemaker was supposed to make her/his reputation with, not least because that’s what the press and somms were focusing almost exclusively upon. That sometimes takes the form of extreme tunnel vision which leads to some bizarre statements about the inevitability of Pinot in this state being made, as if the Great God of Wine had decided this and inscribed it on stone tablets which he handed down from on high. That’s why I talked about there being “Pinot Fog” in Oregon in my book BEST WHITE WINE ON EARTH – The Riesling Story. Interestingly, nobody challenged that formulation!

I think the tendency of the wine scene to judge all wines by how they show on release, and a long-term tendency on the West Coast for wines with moderate acidity to preferred over wines with more pronounced acidity made life doubly hard for pioneers like Harry Peterson-Nedry of Chehalem (who recently handed the winemaking over to his daughter Wynne) and Janie Brooks Heuck and Chris Williams of Brooks. You see, every good Oregon Riesling has plenty of acidity, along with great aromas that range from the floral to passionfruit via citrus and white peach. However, the wines times are a changin’, and just as West Coast winemakers started to take Riesling more seriously again Chehalem’s Rieslings became more charming as young wines and Brooks extended their range of Rieslings beyond their traditional bone-dry style, in fact today their sweet Rieslings are now every bit as strong as their dry wines. For all these reasons the idea that Oregon is the Promised Land of American Riesling (promoted by Sean O’Keefe of Chateau Grand Traverse in Michigan) suddenly looks way more convincing than it did a few years back.

Tasting and re-tasting the 2013 wines of Trisateum in Newberg over the last days I have to say that Oregon has just gained a third Riesling star producer. The three single-vineyard dry wines and the dry Estates Reserve (with silver trim on the packaging), plus the three single-vineyard medium-dry wines and the medium-dry Estates Reserve are a big jump up from the 2011 vintage wines that were my first encounter with James and Andrea Frey’s Rieslings. Not only are these wines totally distinctive in style – at once very pure, effusively aromatic and racy – the differentiation between the wines from the three vineyard sites is extremely clear. Anyone looking for an intense citrusy, very crisp wine is recommended to go for the Rieslings from the Coastal Range site, while anyone who wants something fuller and more juicy should take wine the floral Rieslings from the Ribbon Ridge vineyard; she/he who wants the maximum in tension and excitement must grab the mineral Rieslings from the Wichmann Dundee site. More yeasty and therefore less developed are the Estates Reserve bottlings (both blends of wine form all three sites)  which quite rightly don’t get released until November. My guess is that although they will probably be the longest living of the 2013 Rieslings from Trisaetum, all of these wines are going to age for a long, long time if you can keep your hands of them. Congratulations!

While I was in Oregon in July Janie Brooks Heuck opened a bottle of 2003 Willamette Valley Riesling, that is the regular quality wine from the last vintage which her brother Jimi Brooks made before his tragic death. It was a sensational Riesling and a sensational dry white wine by any standards, still bursting with life, at once expressive and delightful, deep and playful. That visit was the last time I’ll see the tasting room at the old Brooks winery, pictured above, because construction of the new winery is now well advanced. It became necessary due to the considerable growth in Brooks’ production, also its production of Riesling (their most important white wine by far). That grape is no longer an oddity, rather its one that will build the reputation of Oregon as a white wine producer during the coming years. Then the Pinot Fog will dissipate and the state’s over-reliance upon that grape will finally end.

PS I shall be returning to Portland in February and at the latest my next reports on Oregon Riesling will follow then!

 

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New York Riesling Diary: Day 15 – Dr. Riesling’s Gonzo Stocktake (Part 2) – 93,763 Machine Guns is Paranoia

 

Events in Ferguson, Missouri and elsewhere subsequent to the publication of this posting in no way alter my conviction that what we saw there during the days immediately following the shooting of Mike Brown was the result of a system that has become paranoid. The mainstream media are giving the racist aspects of this story the attention they deserve, but are still weak on the paranoia that was so clearly visible.

Perhaps because it’s now only a few days until I return to Europe that the events of the last bad days in Ferguson, Missouri have made such a deep impression upon me and the sudden turnaround in the situation there seems like reason for real hope. Like many other people both in America and around the world I was shocked by the shooting of an unarmed African-American youth, Mike Brown, by a policemen. Then came the demonstrations in Ferguson by the African-American community, the looting, and an extreme police response that included the liberal use of tear gas, rubber bullets and the arresting of journalists who’s only “crime” was being in McDonalds.

I know that some of my readers are annoyed when I turn my attention to stuff like this, because they feel it lies “outside” my subject. They would prefer me to focus solely on wine, that is to “stick” narrowly to my subject. Of course, one reason some people try to focus exclusively on wine is status; they use it to make themselves feel more important than others, or even to demonstrate that they’re more important. I don’t think many of my readers have that mind, though. However, some of you do seem to want wine to be like an island of good, fine, authentic, unsullied or noble things in the high seas of trouble and strife, or at least of banality and boredom. “Ein Fels in der Brandung,” or a cliff in the swell that withstands it, is a German expression which describes this perfectly. I ask you to bear with me, for I will return to wine before the end of this posting.

The problem with this narrow focusing upon the contents of the glass is that wine never was or is disconnected from the rest of the world. It never was or is only a “natural” product, although in certain situations (for example, fancy restaurants) it is made to look as pristine and inevitable as a luxury handbag in a designer store. In fact, it is shaped by economic, social and cultural forces, just like everything else in the world. In common with other journalists reporting on what’s going on in this world, work under conditions that both limit and shape the results that I can achieve. I am no more a “Fels in der Brandung” than any bottle of wine is! A good journalist  wants to understand the situation they find themselves in, because, as Nietzsche wrote, “the context is the facts”.

Those ugly events in Ferguson interest me not only for themselves, but because they seem to be part of a much larger ugly pattern. With good reason Senator Rand Paul (Rep. KY) has written a piece on TIME.com attacking the militarization of law enforcement in the US. ‘The New York Times’ has revealed that since 2006 state and local police forces in the US acquired 435 armored vehicles, 533 military aircraft and 93,763 machine guns. The use of SWAT teams by the police seems to have increased by a staggering 1400% since 1998. It’s important to find all this grisly stuff out, and much other reporting on this issue by mainstream US media (congrats to ‘The Washington Post’!) has been great, but they have failed to say one thing which seems so obvious to me that it stick out like dog balls. Hence, this posting.

The photographs by Whitney Curtis published in ‘The New York Times’, some of which were also all over the social media, document what happened in Ferguson with startling clarity. For example, on the cover of yesterday’s issue (online and printed version, Thursday, August 14th) there’s an image of a row of police officers in combat gear totting high-powered M4 rifles in front of an armored vehicle of the kind used in Afghanistan, on the roof of which is another policeman with a similar weapon with a telescopic sight mounted on it. He is clearly a sniper aiming at demonstrators outside the picture. Other photographs by Whitney Curtis show police officers in both firing of tear gas and rubber bullets at unarmed demonstrators and threatening them at almost point blank range with those high-powered rifles. On Wednesday several journalists got caught up in all this and were arrested  (Wesley Lowery of ‘The Washington Post’, Ryan Reilly of ‘The Huffington Post’ and local reporter Antonio French) or fired upon (the ‘Al Jazeera America’ TV team), because they dared to do their jobs. The armed police applied the same policy of violent intimidation to them as they did to everyone else in town!

President Obama was right to harshly criticize this, saying, “Here in the United States of America the police should not be bullying and arresting journalists who are just doing their job.” He also correctly saw a constitutional problem with the police action, “There is no excuse for police to use excessive force against peaceful protests or to throw protestors in jail for lawfully exercising their First Amendment rights.”

In the light of this it was gruesome reading local police chief, Thomas Jackson’s assertion that his had been a measured response to events, although the only people killed in Ferguson were shot by the police. Criticism of his actions goes right across the US political spectrum, which is very encouraging. However, no politician or journalist has so far seriously asked the question why the police wanted to turn Ferguson into a war zone, much less answered it. The abrupt change of policing policy there, and the way it has defused much of the tensions is great news, but that question needs to be posed. How could it happen?

The brutally simple answer to that question is official paranoia, and anyone familiar with the Cold War ought to be familiar with the harm paranoia has wrought on our world within living memory. What Thomas Jackson doesn’t seem to realize is that his reaction to the protests and unrest following Mike Brown’s shooting was effectively to suspended the Constitution in Ferguson and replaced it with martial law. He moved in that direction although on paper he lacked anything like the authority necessary for his actions.  He clearly never questioned whether he was right, indeed was utterly convinced that he and his officers were the , “good guys with guns”, and the other side (as we’ve seen the police lumped everyone else together) was dangerous in the way terrorists and insurgents are.

Paranoia has been building in America, and the West as a whole, since the “War on Terror” began back in 2001, and although under President Obama the rhetoric of that conflict has changed, in essence it has continued to this day. Looked at coolly though, the external terrorist threat to the US since 9/11 has turned out to be way smaller than was feared. Domestic terrorists (for example, Boston) caused more deaths than foreign ones, but they still don’t begin to compare with the carnage wrought by lone crazed shooters (for example in Newtown, Denver and Santa Barbara). However, it is in the nature of paranoia that sufferers ignores the facts and projects threats upon the world around them, even if it is calm and benign. Paranoid people know that behind those friendly faces evil is lurking and wait anxiously for it to show itself.

The fantasy melodrama of good facing evil in a final showdown allied to this paranoia is the stuff of comic books and Hollywood action movies. In recent years it has docked onto the imagery of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan that filled the news, and it was this dangerous cocktail which the police pushed onto the streets of Ferguson when they got an excuse to do so. If something doesn’t change it will also be coming to a neighborhood near you soon. Of course, another product of official paranoid is already there in the form of NSA surveillance…

Those readers who focus on the enjoyment wine are right. Sharing the enjoyment of wine with friends is the very opposite of all this paranoia. It’s all about conviviality, which is built upon the foundations of mutual respect. At its best it also helps us relate to distant places and feel something for the people who live there, making us appreciate their tending of the soil, vines, grapes and the wine made from them.  Even when it is geeky the activity is entirely harmless.  That remains the positive focus of this blog.

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New York Riesling Diary: Day 12 – Chenin Blanc is Riesling’s only Serious Competitor as Mulderbosch, South Africa Proves

This afternoon winemaker Adam Mason (pictured above) of Mulderbosch winery close to Stellenbosch in the Western Cape province of South Africa demonstrated at the Corkbuss Wine Studio in New York that the Chenin Blanc grape is Riesling’s only serious competitor for the title of Best White Wine on Earth (the title of my current book from Stewart, Tabori & Chang). With his three single vineyard wines from the 2013 vintage – the first vintage for them and only his second at Mulderbosch! – he showed that in places far removed from the grape’s homeland  in the Loire Valley it can give world class dry white wines. Because I will be reviewing the Mulderbosch wines in detail in my column in the ‘Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung’ on Sunday, August 31st I’m not describing them in detail here. However, I will come back after that column appears and adding an English translation of my comments for those readers who don’t read any German. Please be patient!

Like Riesling, Chenin Blanc can shine in a range of styles from bone-dry to honey-sweet, something that Chardonnay can’t do. Chardonnay is invariably dry, or slightly sweet and pretending to be dry. The one thing Chenin Blanc can’t do that Riesling can is wines in the dry, medium-dry and medium-sweet styles with significantly less than 12% alcoholic content. However, the two grapes have in common  having to battle with the widespread perception that these are always more or less sweet wines, and the prejudice that if they’re dry, then they must be sour. In both cases these are at best major distortions of the truth, and at worst gross prejudices. Adam Mason is the new champion for Chenin Blanc and with his first delicious and expressive dry wines he’s already made a serious statement. We will be hearing more about him and soon! I write all this as a Riesling fan, but also as a realist who sees both the common ground and the differences between the two grapes. I can’t wait to taste the Mulderbosch 2014s!

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New York Riesling Diary: Day 8 – Dr. Riesling’s Gonzo Stocktake (Part 1)

“I couldn’t get your book, because it was sold out at Barnes & Noble,” a New York Wine City (NYWC) somm told me. Those were encouraging words just shy of two months after BEST WHITE WINE ON EARTH – The Riesling story (aka #BWWOE) was published by Stewart, Tabori & Chang on June 17th. Writing the book felt like throwing a stone into the middle of a pond. Now the first wave of responses  have reached the shore and are way more positive than I’d dared to hope for.

Since I started writing about wine exactly 30 years ago it often looked like with Riesling I was on a losing ticket, but now it looks like going the distance with my favorite grape was a smart, if demanding, move. What was so long deemed seriously wrong now looks refreshingly right. Riesling is finally being taken seriously by a lot of people.  Those who continue to talk it down are not only looking seriously out of touch now, they’re also fast running out of their last vestiges of credibility. They seem as lost in another time as Dr. Strangelove was in Stanley Kubrick’s movie of the same name.

As a freelance journalist it’s really good to know that you’re more or less on the right trail, because you can do a lot of work and still end up in some obscure corner of the great writers’ wilderness. I’ve been there enough times and I honestly don’t recommend it. However, I’d rather be there than in the verdant gardens of “advertorial” and similarly lucrative forms of blah, blah, blah writing. As George Orwell once said, “Journalism is printing what someone doesn’t want printed. Everything else is public relations.

The entire point of my book was to write the truth about Riesling and about wine in plain language that nobody could fail to understand if they took the trouble to read, and to do so with the necessary energy and clarity that nobody could pretend I hadn’t actually said anything worth understanding. So far it didn’t look to me like any readers had difficulty differentiating between my blatantly stated expressions of opinion and my much more measured statement of facts. Whatever weaknesses and faults my book has (and there may be many) I seem to have succeeded in telling it like it is, at least as seen from my perspective. The same applies to this blog, for which just substitute “publish” for “print” in the Orwell quote.

Several weeks after the publication of #BWWOE one of my most important arguments got unexpected support in an article in the July 12th edition of ‘The New Yorker’ entitled ‘What We Really Taste When We Drink Wine. It reported on how for Columbia University neuroscientist Daniel Salzman wine is a perfect example of how, “no event or object is ever experienced in perfect, objective isolation. It is instead subject to our past experiences, our current mood, our expectations, and any number of incidental details…with something like wine, all sorts of societal and personal complications come into play as well. We worry, for example, about whether our taste is “Good”.

This almost reads like a quote from Chapter 2 of my book, ‘Riesling in the Glass’. Of course, the reason that I also make this argument is that a lot of people – often highly intelligent people – clearly want to believe that you can somehow be objective about wine, so they can treat the reviews of some critic or the opinions of a certain somm, their spouse or friend as hard truth. As if high-grade truth were a copious commodity available at every corner store in regular size and family-sized packs!

At the same time that article appeared I received a slew of messages from Australia about the book, many praising it, but it was a great relief to me that those who criticized never accused me of being eurocentric or otherwise biased. They just felt Australia deserved more space (although the end of the Australian chapter explains very clearly why it wasn’t given more space). However, those comments are every bit as important to me as the one from people I didn’t previously know in America who were excited by the stories it tells and how it tells it, because it means the book is a truly global phenomenon. That is it has connected with pre-existing Global Riesling Network, or maybe I should say reconnected, because it grew out of that network in the first place.

True globalization never was a set of highways that all lead to Rome, NYWC or some other “center”, but a network looping through these places and everywhere else. For goods (including books) there’s the problem of physical transport, which human ingenuity has made more cost and energy-efficient. For information (including e-books) this problem has been obviated by the electronic media. That ought to make truth flow more easily, but sadly nothing in our world is that simple.

Just at the moment truth strikes me as a vital subject we should be talking about more, because its old enemy fear is on the rise. The source of that fear has many names, mostly short, such as Ebola and Putin, others acronyms such as ISIS or NSA and CIA. However, as Richard Nixon pointed out, “People react to fear, not love: they don’t teach that in sunday school, but it’s true.” And that is the greatest danger for truth which has always been like gold: a scarce element that rarely occurs as pure nuggets, generally being found in low grade ore that requires an arduous processing before it is turned into ingots.

Fear enables politicians like Nixon to divert our gaze from the truth and crank up nationalistic fervor, under the cover of which they can implement their own agendas. These agendas are usually identical of those of the establishment, that is the wealthiest 0.1% and their enablers, who typically are only interested optimizing their own situation and have little or no concern for anyone else’s welfare. However, in times like these truth has a force of its own that can abruptly drives it to the surface. The truth will out and I am happy to be its medium. Never again will I compromise on that principal when anything of substance is at stake. I recommend it to you all.

Part 2 follows soon.

 

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